Die Avocado (Persea americana Mill., auch Persea gratissima fffolie.com) ist eine Pflanzenart Von diesem einen Baum stammen alle heutigen Hass-Avocado-Bäume ab, die in Israel, Kalifornien, Mexiko, Chile, Spanien, Australien und. Die Avocado ist beliebt wie nie. Ihr Erfolg basiert auf viel Werbung, gutem Timing - und purem Zufall. Hass avocado - Wir haben 20 raffinierte Hass avocado Rezepte für dich gefunden! Finde was du suchst - schmackhaft & genial. Jetzt ausprobieren mit.
Avocado HassDie Avocado (Persea americana Mill., auch Persea gratissima fffolie.com) ist eine Pflanzenart Von diesem einen Baum stammen alle heutigen Hass-Avocado-Bäume ab, die in Israel, Kalifornien, Mexiko, Chile, Spanien, Australien und. organisch und biologisch frische unbehandelte avocados Hass direkt vom Baum aus Spanien per Express nach Deutschland und andere EU Länder. Die schwarze Avocado Hass ist etwas kleiner als die grüne Avocado. Ihre Schale ist runder, dicker und zudem warzig. Im Inneren verbirgt sich ein besonders.
Avocado Hass related stories VideoHow to Grow Hass Avocados: Quick Care Guide
With the right conditions and a little work, your Hass avocado tree will be ripe for success—bearing nutritious fruit in about five years and looking stylish the whole time.
The Hass avocado tree has a compelling history. What is now the most popular avocado in the world was created by mistake but took off like wildfire.
Before Hass avocados hit the scene, the Fuerte avocado—a milder version descended from earlier cultivars in Mexico and Central America—was the most popular.
By the s, Fuertes had spread to the US. Postman and budding horticulturist Rudolph Hass thought he had purchased Fuerte avocado seedlings in the s.
Despite his urge to chop the tree down, his children convinced him to keep it—fans of the nutty, creamy fruit. In , Hass patented the Hass avocado.
Every one since is a descendant of that very tree, which died in Hass avocado trees are dense evergreens with glossy, leathery leaves that have a vein-like pattern.
They can grow up to seven feet tall in a container and up to 30 feet when planted in the ground. On the tree, Hass avocados have green skin.
Once harvested, these skins turn nubbly and dark purple-black. The fruits are heavy, weighing between grams.
There are 11 zones total across the US. Hass avocado trees thrive in Zones , well-suited to warm climates from southern California along the Gulf Coast through Florida.
They cannot tolerate extremely cold temperatures; of those areas, it gets the coldest in Zone 9, so it is best to plant your Hass avocado tree with southwest exposure in that region.
One dietary survey found that people who ate avocados had a much higher nutrient intake and a lower risk of metabolic syndrome. You also need to be able to absorb these nutrients — move them from your digestive tract and to your body, where they can be used.
Some nutrients are fat-soluble, meaning that they need to be combined with fat in order to be utilized.
Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble , along with antioxidants like carotenoids. One study showed that adding avocado or avocado oil to either salad or salsa can increase antioxidant absorption 2.
So, not only is avocado highly nutritious, it can dramatically increase the nutrient value of other plant foods that you are eating.
This is an excellent reason to always include a healthy fat source when you eat veggies. Without it, a lot of the beneficial plant nutrients will go to waste.
Studies have shown that eating avocado or avocado oil with vegetables can dramatically increase the number of antioxidants you take in.
Not only do avocados increase antioxidant absorption from other foods, they are also high in antioxidants themselves. This includes the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, which are incredibly important for eye health 27 , Avocados are high in antioxidants, including lutein and zeaxanthin.
These nutrients are very important for eye health and lower your risk of macular degeneration and cataracts. Test-tube studies suggest that it may help reduce side effects of chemotherapy in human lymphocytes Avocado extract has also been shown to inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells in a laboratory Human-based research is unavailable.
Some test-tube studies have shown that nutrients in avocados may have benefits in preventing prostate cancer and lowering side effects of chemotherapy.
However, human-based research is lacking. Arthritis is a common problem in Western countries. There are many types of this condition, which are often chronic problems that people have for the rest of their lives.
Multiple studies suggest that avocado and soybean oil extracts — called avocado and soybean unsaponifiables — can reduce osteoarthritis 33 , Studies have shown that avocado and soybean oil extracts can significantly reduce symptoms of osteoarthritis.
There is some evidence that avocados are a weight loss friendly food. Should this hold true in the long term, then including avocados in your diet may help you naturally eat fewer calories and make it easier for you to stick to healthy eating habits.
Avocados are also high in fiber and very low in carbs , two attributes that should help promote weight loss as well, at least in the context of a healthy, real-food-based diet.
Avocados may aid weight loss by keeping you full longer and making you eat fewer calories. You can add them to salads and various recipes or simply scoop them out with a spoon and eat them plain.
A notable mention is guacamole, which is arguably the most famous use of avocados. The tree died when it was 76 years old and was cut down on 11 September after a ten-year fight with phytophthora root rot , which often kills avocado trees.
The wood was stored in a tree nursery and from this stock, a nephew of Rudolph Hass, Dick Stewart,  made keepsakes, jewelry and other gifts.
Hass avocado trees, like some other cultivars, may only bear well every other year. After a year with low yield, often because of cold, for which the tree does not have much tolerance, yields may be very high the next year.
However, the heavy crop can deplete stored carbohydrates, lowering the following season's yield and this can set the tree into a lifelong alternate bearing pattern.
Southern California Hass Avocado groves have good soil and drainage, plentiful sunlight and cool gentle winds from the oceans which help the fruit grow.
These conditions hold throughout the year, so there are always fresh harvests of Hass avocados in Southern California.
As reliable sources are not available for the micronutrient content specifically of Hass avocados, US Department of Agriculture data for a "commercial variety" is used.
Hass avocados contain phytosterols and carotenoids , including lutein and zeaxanthin. Avocados have diverse fats. Clonal rootstocks are selected for tolerance of specific soil and disease conditions, such as poor soil aeration or resistance to the soil-borne disease root rot caused by Phytophthora.
Commercial avocado production is limited to a small fraction of the vast genetic diversity in the species.
Conservation of this genetic diversity has relied largely on field collection, as avocado seeds often do not survive storage in seed banks.
This is problematic, as field preservation of living cultivars is expensive, and habitat loss threatens wild cultivars. More recently, an alternate method of conservation has been developed based on cryopreservation of avocado somatic embryos with reliable methods for somatic embryogenesis and reconstitution into living trees.
Indoors, an avocado tree is usually grown from the pit of an avocado fruit. This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit.
The pit is then stabbed with three or four toothpicks, about one-third of the way up from the flat end. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water.
It should split in four to six weeks and yield roots and a sprout. If there is no change by this time, the avocado pit is discarded.
Once the stem has grown a few inches, it is placed in a pot with soil. It should be watered every few days. Avocados have been known to grow large, so owners must be ready to re-pot the plant several times.
Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial , viral , fungal , and nutritional diseases excesses and deficiencies of key minerals. Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration.
It is normally found on avocado, and in Peru it is said to be the worst insect pest of the fruit. Certain cultivars of avocado seem more susceptible to attack by the scale than others.
Mexico is by far the world's largest avocado growing country, producing several times more than the second largest producer. The avocado was introduced from Mexico to California in the 19th century, and has become a successful cash crop.
Avocado is the official fruit of the state of California. Other avocado cultivars include 'Spinks'.
Historically attested varieties which may or may not survive among horticulturists include the 'Challenge', 'Dickinson', 'Kist', 'Queen', 'Rey', 'Royal', 'Sharpless', and 'Taft'.
A stoneless avocado, marketed as a "cocktail avocado," which does not contain a pit, is available on a limited basis.
They are five to eight centimetres long; the whole fruit may be eaten, including the skin. It is produced from an unpollinated blossom in which the seed does not develop.
In , world production of avocados was 5. The US government resisted, claiming the trade would introduce Tephritidae fruit flies that would destroy California's crops.
The Mexican government responded by inviting USDA inspectors to Mexico, but the US government declined, claiming fruit fly inspection was not feasible.
The Mexican government then proposed to sell avocados only to the northeastern US in the winter fruit flies cannot withstand extreme cold. The US government continued to resist, but agreed after the Mexican government started erecting barriers to US corn.
Imports from Mexico in the — season exceeded , metric tons , short tons; , long tons. In the US, avocados are grown in California and Florida, where land, labor, and water are expensive.
Avocado trees require frequent, deep watering to bear optimally, particularly in spring, summer, and fall. Due to increased Southern California water costs, they are now costly to grow.
During the coronavirus pandemic, Mexican avocado farmers slowed harvesting thinking that consumption would drop. In fact, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as well.
The fruit of horticultural cultivars has a markedly higher fat content than most other fruit, mostly monounsaturated fat , and as such serves as an important staple in the diet of consumers who have limited access to other fatty foods high-fat meats and fish, dairy products.
Having a high smoke point , avocado oil is expensive compared to common salad and cooking oils , and is mostly used for salads or dips.
A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed. The flesh is prone to enzymatic browning , quickly turning brown after exposure to air.
The fruit is not sweet, but distinctly and subtly flavored, with smooth texture. The avocado is common in vegetarian cuisine as a substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads because of its high fat content.
Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter.
The flesh of some avocados may be rendered inedible by heat. Prolonged cooking induces this chemical reaction in all cultivars.
It is used as the base for the Mexican dip known as guacamole ,  as well as a spread on corn tortillas or toast, served with spices. In the Philippines , Brazil, Indonesia , Vietnam , and southern India especially the coastal Kerala , Tamil Nadu and Karnataka region , avocados are frequently used for milkshakes and occasionally added to ice cream and other desserts.
Chocolate syrup is sometimes added. In Morocco , a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water.
In Ethiopia , avocados are made into juice by mixing them with sugar and milk or water, usually served with Vimto and a slice of lemon.
It is also common to serve layered multiple fruit juices in a glass locally called Spris made of avocados, mangoes, bananas, guavas, and papayas.
Avocados are also used to make salads. Avocados in savory dishes, often seen as exotic, are a relative novelty in Portuguese-speaking countries, such as Brazil, where the traditional preparation is mashed with sugar and lime, and eaten as a dessert or snack.
This contrasts with Spanish-speaking countries such as Chile, Mexico, or Argentina , where the opposite is true and sweet preparations are rare.
In Australia and New Zealand, avocados are commonly served on sandwiches, sushi, toast, or with chicken. In Ghana , they are often eaten alone on sliced bread as a sandwich.
In Sri Lanka , their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms , is a common dessert.
In Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat. They are also commonly added to pozole.
In Chile , it is used as a puree-like sauce with chicken, hamburgers , and hot dogs ; and in slices for celery or lettuce salads. The Chilean version of Caesar salad contains large slices of mature avocado.
In Kenya and Nigeria, the avocado is often eaten as a fruit alone or mixed with other fruits in a fruit salad, or as part of a vegetable salad.
Avocado is a primary ingredient in avocado soup. Avocado slices are frequently added to hamburgers, tortas , hot dogs , and carne asada.
Avocado can be combined with eggs in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes , and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi "maki", or rolled sushi.
In the United Kingdom, the avocado became available during the s when introduced by Sainsbury's under the name 'avocado pear'.
In addition to the fruit, the leaves of Mexican avocados Persea americana var. A typical serving of avocado g is moderate to rich in several B vitamins and vitamin K , with good content of vitamin C , vitamin E and potassium right table, USDA nutrient data.
Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids , such as lutein and zeaxanthin.